“Não Houve Nenhum Como Moshê”

No mês de dezembro 2018 participei da conferência sobre Maimônides “There was None Like Moses” realizada pela Biblioteca Nacional de Israel, Museu de Israel e Rambam Fund em Jerusalém entre os dias 11 e 13. Compartilho uma lista de reprodução da conferência em meu canal a qual estará sendo atualizada a medida que novos vídeos estejam disponíveis.

Não houve nenhum como Moisés

Maimonides: da invenção da impressão à era digital

O provérbio “De Moisés a Moisés, não houve nenhum como Moisés” reflete a vasta influência de Maimônides no mundo judeu e além dele.‍

Esta exposição apresentou publicações criadas em torno da figura de Maimonides, desde a invenção da impressão até a era digital, e mostra diversos grupos que retratando seus próprios Maimonides para atender às suas necessidades e imaginações.

O filósofo racionalista, legalista meticuloso, médico de renome mundial e líder comunitário ativo pode ter morrido mais de 800 anos atrás, mas o interesse em seus escritos e vida nunca deixou de existir entre judeus e não-judeus, do Iêmen e do Iraque à Europa e Américas.

No entanto, vários públicos construíram para si mesmos um Maimonides que complementava suas sensibilidades culturais únicas, às vezes imaginando uma figura muito diferente de quem ele realmente era. Legados têm vida própria, e o próprio autor não determina como ele será percebido centenas de anos após sua morte.

A exposição There Was None Like Moses é uma colaboração da Biblioteca Nacional de Israel e do Museu de Israel em Jerusalém com o apoio do Fundo Maimônides. Simultaneamente, o Museu de Israel apresenta a exposição Maimonides: A Legacy in Script, que foca os manuscritos únicos que contêm seus escritos.


Dr. Dotan Arad is a lecturer in the Department of Jewish History and Contemporary Jewry at Bar-Ilan University. His research focuses on Jews in Egypt, the Land of Israel and Syria in the Mamluk period and the early Ottoman period. His latest book, Greatness and Wisdom One Place: The Alexandrian Trader Moses ben Judah and His Circle, will soon be released by Brill Publishers. This book, written together with with Dr. Esther-Miriam Wagner from the University of Cambridge, will provide new sources in Hebrew and Arabic on the history of the Jews in the eastern Mediterranean in the 15th Century. His current research through the Ben-Zvi Institute, is focused on the Karaite Jews in Egypt, Syria and the Land of Israel during the Ottoman period.


Meir M. Bar-Asher is Professor of Islamic Studies at the Department of Arabic Language and Literature at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. His research interests include Qurʼanic exegesis and religious communities in Islam (especially Twelver Shiʻism and Nusayrism). A year ago his book, edited jointly with Meir Hatina: Islam: History, Religion and Culture, came out (Jerusalem, Magness Press 2017) and within the next few weeks his book Les Juifs et le Coran, is said to appear. Prof. Bar-Asher was the Director of Institute of Asian and African Studies at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem (2004-2006); and, Director of The Ben-Zvi Institute for the Study of Jewish Communities in the East (2012-2014).


Leora Batnitzky is the Ronald O. Perelman Professor of Jewish Studies and Professor and Chair of Religion at Princeton University. She is the author of three books: How Judaism Became a Religion, Leo Strauss and Emmanuel Levinas: Philosophy and the Politics of Revelation and Idolatry and Representation: The Philosophy of Franz Rosenzweig Reconsidered as well as co-editor of three others: Jewish Legal Theories: Writings on State Religion and Morality, Instituting Rights and Religion: Competing Supremacies and The Book of Job: Aesthetics, Ethics and Hermeneutics. Her current book project is a comparative study of legal cases concerning conversation in Israel and India.


Professor Menachem Ben-Sasson is the chancellor of the Hebrew University in Jerusalem and in the past served as the thirteenth president of the university. He also served as a Member of Knesset and as chairman of the Constitution, Law and Justice Committee. Ben Shushan is a researcher in the Department of Jewish History in the Faculty of Humanities. He has written books and research articles on a variety of subjects and he also specializes in the study of Maimonides, social and intellectual history, Responsa literature and writings of the Geonim period, Geniza research, and the work and leadership of Rav Saadia Gaon.


Dr. Meir Buzaglo is a lecturer in the Department of Philosophy with a focus on metaphysics, philosophy and Jewish thought. Among his writings he has written about Shlomo Maimon, and the connecting the logic of conceptual extensions. Meir is active in Israeli society and has worked on illuminating “Mesorati” (traditional) as an identity. He also serves as a trustee at the Keren Avi Chai. He has promoted renewing the tradition of the piyyut in Israel and recently wrote an essay on the metaphysics of the prayer of Shema Yisrael. He is the author of the book, A Language for the Faithful: Reflection on Tradition (2008) in which he tries to give a definition and positive meaning to the concept: “Traditional”.


Joseph E. David is a Professor of Law at Sapir Academic College in Israel. His research focuses on Law and Religion, Legal History, Comparative Law, and Jurisprudence. He is the author of The State Rabbinate: Election, Separation and Freedom of Expression (2000), The Family and the Political: On Belonging and Responsibility in a Liberal Society (2012), Toleration within Judaism (2013), Jurisprudence and Theology in Late Ancient and Medieval Jewish Thought (2014) and Kinship, Law and Politics: An Anatomy of Belonging (2019).


Dr Michael Fagenblat is Senior Lecturer at the Open University of Israel. He works in modern European and Jewish thought. He is the author of A Covenant of Creatures: Levinas’s Philosophy of Judaism (Stanford UP) and editor of Negative Theology as Jewish Modernity (Indiana UP).


Dr. Yoel Finkelman is curator of the Haim and Hanna Salomon Judaica Collection at the National Library of Israel


Carlos Fraenkel is a professor of philosophy and Jewish studies at McGill University in Montreal, Canada. He has published several works including From Maimonides to Samuel ibn Tibbon: The Transformation of the Dalalat al Ha’irin into the Moreh ha-Nevukhim (2007), Philosophical Religions from Plato to Spinoza: Reason, Religion, and Autonomy (2012) and Teaching Plato in Palestine: Philosophy in a Divided World (2015).


Dr. Micah Goodman is an author and researcher of Jewish thought. He has authored four bestselling books: The Secrets of the Guide for the Perplexed, The Dream of the Kuzari, Moses’s Final Speech, and Cath 67: The Ideas Behind the Conflict Tearing Israel Apart. Goodman directs Beit Midrash Yisraeli – Ein Prat and is a research fellow at the Shalom Hartman Institute in Jerusalem.


Moshe Halbertal is the John and Golda Cohen Professor of Jewish Thought and Philosophy at the Hebrew University and the Gruss Professor at NYU Law School, and a member of the Israel’s National Academy for Sciences and the Humanities. Among his books are “Idolatry” (co-authored with Avishai Margalit); “People of the Book: Canon, Meaning and Authority”, both published by Harvard University Press. His books “On Sacrifice” and “Maimonides: Life and Thought” were published by Princeton University Press. His latest book “The Beginning of Politics: Power in the Biblical book of Samuel” (co-authored with Stephen Holmes) was published by Princeton University press at 2017.

Zeev Harvey is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Jewish Thought at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He writes on medieval and modern Jewish philosophy, e.g., Maimonides and Spinoza. He is the author of Rabbi Hasdai Crescas (Shazar Center, Jerusalem 2010). He is an EMET Prize laureate in the Humanities (2009).


Y. Tzvi Langermann received his Ph.D. in History of Science from Harvard, where he studied under A.I. Sabra and John Murdoch. He spent about fifteen years cataloguing Hebrew and Judaeo-Arabic texts in philosophy and science at the Institute of Microfilmed Hebrew Manuscripts in Jerusalem before joining the Department of Arabic at Bar Ilan. He teaches Qur’ān and tafsīr, Maimonides, and other courses based on the reading of texts in philosophy, Sufism, and other topics. He published together with Gerrit Bos two monographs in the history of medicine: The Alexandrian Summaries of Galen’s On Critical Days: Editions and Translations of the Two Versions of the Jawāmi‘, with an Introduction and Notes, Brill, 2014 and Maimonides, On Rules Regarding the Practical Part of the Medical Art. A parallel Arabic-English edition, Brigham Young University Press, 2014. Texts in Transit in the Medieval Mediterranean, a collection of brand new essays which he edited together with Robert Morrison, was published by Pennsylvania State University Press in the summer of 2016.


Menachem Lorberbaum is Vice Dean of Humanities and Professor of Jewish Philosophy at Tel Aviv University. He has chaired the Graduate School of Philosophy and the Department of Jewish Philosophy at TAU (2004) and was the founding chair of the Department of Hebrew Culture Studies (2004-2008). Prof. Lorberbaum is also a founding member of the Shalom Hartman Institute, Jerusalem where he has headed the Bet Midrash program. He is author of Politics and the Limits of Law (Stanford 2001; Hebrew: 2006) and We are Dazzled by His Beauty (Hebrew, Ben Zvi Institute 2011). Together with Professors Michael Walzer of Princeton and Noam Zohar of Bar-Ilan he is a senior editor of the Jewish Political Tradition series (vol 1 “Authority,” Yale University Press 2000, Hebrew: 2007; vol. 2 “Membership,” Yale University Press 2003, Hebrew: 2018; vol. 3 “Community,” Yale University Press 2018). He is editor of the new and first complete Hebrew translation of Thomas Hobbes’ Leviathan (Shalem 2009). Prof.Lorberbaum is currently completing a study of Hassidism as a model of Jewish religious revitalization in early modernity and his book in first-order Jewish Theology, I Seek thy Countenance is currently i press (Carmel and Bar-Ilan).


Omer Michaelis is a Visiting Scholar in Dept II of the Max-Planck-Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte and a Polonsky Visiting Fellow at Oxford Centre for Hebrew and Jewish Studies. Previously, he was a Visiting Fellow at Harvard Divinity School and Harvard Standing Committee on Medieval Studies. He submitted his PhD dissertation, “Crisis Discourse and the Dynamics of Tradition in Medieval Judaism,” at Tel Aviv University. Omer specializes in medieval Jewish thought and philosophy in the Islamic world. He focuses on the dynamics of production, transmission and integration of knowledge in medieval Judaism, and its intersection with parallel processes in the Islamic culture. His current research centers on the creative power of forgetting knowledge in Medieval Judaism.


Sari Nusseibeh teaches a graduate course in Islamic philosophy at al-Quds University. His most recent book on Avicenna’s Oriental Philosophy (Routledge,2018) culminates work begun as a thesis at Harvard (1978). His ‘Story of Reason in Islam’ was published by Stanford, 2016.


Elhanan Reiner, historian, professor emeritus of the Department of Jewish History at Tel Aviv University, specializes in the cultural history of European Jewry in the early modern period. He is especially interested in the changes that took place in European Jewish society following the penetration of the printed book into daily life, study and pedagogy. His works also focuses on religious culture in late antiquity and the Middle Ages in the East, especially in the Land of Israel. Since 2016, he serves as Academic Director of the National Library of Israel.


Professor Shalom Rosenberg is Jewish religious thinker and professor emeritus at the Hebrew University, where served as the head of the Department of Jewish Thought. Rosenberg focuses mainly on the philosophy of religion, the relation between religion and morality, religion and science, and interpretation and hermeneutics in Jewish and general thought. Rosenberg builds bridges between Jewish and general philosophy and uses the tools of new logic and philosophic tools developed in the 20th century to reach a more complete understanding of classical Jewish thought by studying logical and ontological categories. Among his most prominent articles is an article on the concept of faith and epistemic categories in the Middle Ages, and an article on Neoplaton ontology


Sarit Shalev-Eyni is the Nicolas Landau Professor of Art History at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Her research focuses on the power of visual language and the mutual relations between art and history, image and ritual, and Jews and Christians, as all these are reflected in the making and reception of illuminated manuscripts produced in urban centers of the Middle Ages.  She is the author of Jews among Christians: Hebrew Book Illumination from Lake Constance, Studies in Medieval and Early Renaissance Art History 41 (Turnhout: Brepols, 2010), and co-author of The Monk’s Haggadah:  A Fifteenth Century Illustrated Passover Haggadah from the Monastery of Tegernsee (University Park, PA: Penn State University Press, 2015), as well of many articles in leading journals


Josef Stern, William H. Colvin Professor of Philosophy Emeritus at the University of Chicago, works in both medieval Jewish and Arabic philosophy and contemporary philosophy of language. Among his many publications are Metaphor in Context (MIT Press, 2000); Quotations and Pictures (forthcoming MIT Press, 2019); Parables and Problems of Law (1998); and The Matter and Form of Maimonides’ Guide (Harvard University Press, 2013), which was awarded the 2014 Book Prize by the Journal of the History of Philosophy for the best book on the history of philosophy published in 2013.  This book is also available in translation in Hebrew: Ha-homer ve-ha-tzurah Be-Moreh Nevukhim Le-Rambam (Kibbutz Ha-me’uhad Press, 2017).  At the University of Chicago, where he taught from 1979-2016, he was Chair of the Department of Philosophy and the Inaugural Director of the Joyce Z. and Jacob Greenberg Center for Jewish Studies (2009-2014).  The recipient of numerous fellowships and grants in America, Israel, and Europe, this year, 2018-19, he is a Marie Curie Fellow at the Israel Institute for Advanced Studies, supported by the EURIAS (European Union Institutes for Advanced Studies) Fellowship Program and the European Commission. Stern is married to Cheryl Newman with whom he has three sons.  After commuting between Israel and Chicago for 14 years, he made Aliyah in 2016 and lives in Jerusalem.


Sarah Stroumsa is the Alice and Jack Ormut Professor Emerita of Arabic Studies at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. She taught in the Department of Arabic Language and Literature and the Department of Jewish Thought at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, where she served as the Rector of the University from 2008 until 2012. Her area of academic focus includes the history of philosophical and theological thought in Arabic in the early Islamic Middle Ages, Medieval Judaeo-Arabic literature, and intellectual history of Muslims and Jews in Islamic Spain. Among her published works in English: Freethinkers of Medieval Islam: Ibn al-Rāwaādī, Abū Bakr al-Rāzī, and Their Impact on Islamic Thought (Leiden: Brill, 1999; Paperback edition 2016); Maimonides in his World: Portrait of Mediterranean Thinker (Princeton: Princeton University, 2010); Dāwūd al-Muqammaṣ, Twenty Chapters (Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Press,2016); and Andalus and Sefarad: On Philosophy and its History in Islamic Spain (Princeton: Princeton University Press, forthcoming).


Raquel Ukeles, PhD, is Curator of the Islam and Middle East Collection at the National Library of Israel, responsible for developing the collection and for building digital, cultural, and educational initiatives in these areas. Her major projects include: Jrayed.org: Digital archive of newspapers from Ottoman and Mandatory Palestine; Bustan writers-in-residence program for Arab and Jewish poets; and the publication of a multi-volume Arabic-English catalogue of Islamic manuscripts. Ukeles received her Ph.D. from Harvard University in comparative Islamic and Jewish studies in 2006. Prior to working at the NLI, she was an assistant professor of Religious Studies at Fairfield University and then academic director of the digital humanities project, “Intellectual Encounters: Philosophy and Science in the World of Medieval Islam.” Ukeles has published several articles on Muslim jurists’ responses to popular religious practices and a monograph on Islam in America.

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